The Palatine Hill may be overshadowed by the nearby Colosseum, but its panoramic views and fascinating history is not worth the miss.
Overlooking the ancient region of the Roman Forum, the Palatine Hill holds a few remaining archaeological wonders.
The History of Palatine Hill
Back in ancient times, Palatine Hill was a prime location for rich Romans, being a central location with stunning views. Stylish villas flooded the region, with the fresh air, less noise, and grassier region attracting an array of folk.
Palatine Hill has also been featured in numerous mythological histories, with the most famous being of the brothers Romulus and Remus. The twin brothers were born from a Vestal Virgin and the God of War but were thrown into the river by the leader of the land as he was afraid their power would overrule him. However, the twins survived and were raised by a she-wolf in a cave on Palatine Hill. Once a man, Romulus became the ‘founder of Rome’, and the place on Palatine Hill where he was rumoured to have resided, known as the legendary Hut of Romulus, can still be slightly visible to this day. While this mythological story may be untrue, the building is very much real with the one-room building dating back to the 8th Century BC.
What you can see here
Due to many Emperors living on the Palatine Hill during their time, including Emperors Augustus, Tiberius, and Domitian to name a few, the region is busting with incredible ruins. Multiple Palaces once cover the area, with some walls and rooms remain to this day. Visitors can explore the most prestigious neighbourhood of Ancient Rome and see how this historic society once lived. The House of Augustus sits on top of Palatine Hill, once the home to the city’s very first Emperor, Augustus. Augustus’s wife, Livia, also owned a house on the hill, with both these ruins being home to some of the most preserved frescoes around.
Another glorious site is the Flavian Palace, built by Emperor Titus Flavius Domitianus in 92 AD. Large rooms still remain to this day, so you can see where ancient grand functions once were held. Connected to this ruin is the Hippodrome of Domitian. It is still a mystery of the reason for this site but may believe it was once an arena for chariot races.
Apart from the ruins of the hill, it is one of the best lookout points in all of Rome. Showcasing panoramic views of the entire Roman Forum, and the rest of the city. Perfect for a sunrise walk or a sunset view to finish your sight-seeing day off right!